A comprehensive assessment of sponge measures



SpongeScapes works with 14 case studies sites, measuring the effects of sponge measures on climate resilience. On these sites, sponge measures effects will be tested, and various indicators will be determined, using the results to design future sponge strategies at landscape scale.


As part of the project, we are also expanding the EU-level platform on natural water retention measures (nwrm.eu), which hosts a large collection of information and guidance from over 140 case studies across the EU.

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Discover our 14 Case Studies


The 14 case studies range in stage of implementation and scale, with some providing over 40 years of monitoring data of measures (New Forest and Cole catchment in the United Kingdom) to recently implemented ones following local traditions (Kavouropotamos stream in Greece) or landscape scale areas still under study taking a strong stakeholder perspective into account (Chaamse Beken, Aa-dal Noord in the Netherlands, Evenlode catchment in the UK and Lèze catchement in France). 

The case studies provide examples focusing on different sponge techniques ranging from focused infiltration for ground water recharge (Bosco Limite in Italy), soil improvements (Upper Thames agricultural sites in the UK) to surface water retention measures (sites in the municipality of Santorso in Italy), or combinations thereof (Upper Biebrza catchment in Poland). The Polish, French and Italian case studies are located in regions that signed the Mission Charter of the EU Mission on Climate Adaptation.

Block Case Studies All
Chaamse Beken, Netherlands
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01 Chaamse Beken NL

The Chaamse Beken area is located south-east of the city of Breda in the province Noord-Brabant and consists of several small streams that merge into a single stream discharging into the ri
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02 Aa dal Noord NL

This case study is located in the wider river basin of the Meuse in south-east of the Netherlands, in the eastern part of the southern province of Brabant in the Netherlands.
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03 Leze FR

The Lèze catchment (350 km², about 34,000 inhabitants) in south-west France is located in a hilly pre-mountainous area (Pyrenees), and is part of the larger Garonne catchment.
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04 Evenlode catchment UK

The River Evenlode rises near Moreton-in-Marsh, Gloucestershire, and is a headwater tributary of the River Thames, with a catchment area of approximately 430km².
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05 Riseholme stream UK

Riseholme case study is located in the Anglian River Basin District (RBD), in the east of England.
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06 New Forest and Cole catchments UK

Blackwater and Highland Water are sub-catchments of the Lymington river in the New Forest National Park (in the UK South-East River Basin District) The River Cole is located in the Thames R
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07 Upper Thames agricultural site UK

The Thames regenerative agriculture sites which we are studying are predominantly located on farms in Oxfordshire and Berkshire, in the Thames catchment.
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08 Gradaščica catchment SI

The Gradaščica catchment in Ljubljana is located in a hilly pre-alpine region, with elevations ranging from 300 to 1000 meters above sea level.
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09 Municipality of Santorso sites IT

The municipality of Santorso (see also related case studies 10 and 11) is located near the Venetian Pre-Alps, crossed by the Leogra and the Timonchio rivers and artificial channels crucial
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10 Timonchio site IT

The Timonchio site (see case studies 09 and 11) is located near the Venetian Pre-Alps, crossed by the Leogra and the Timonchio rivers and artificial channels crucial for historical manufact
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11 Agripolis site IT

The Agripolis site (see also related case studies 09 and 10) is located near the Venetian Pre-Alps, crossed by the Leogra and the Timonchio rivers and artificial channels crucial for histor
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12 Bosco Limite IT

Bosco Limite is located in the middle basin of the Brenta river, in the northwestern part of the Po valley (Veneto Region, Italy).
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13 Upper Biebrza catchment PL

Located in the Podlaskie Voivodeship in north-eastern Poland, the Upper Biebrza region within the Biebrza National Park is characterised by its valuable and relatively untouched wetland eco
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14 Kavouropotamos stream GR

Exploring the sponge functioning of small stone check dams in the Kavouropotamos stream. The ephemeral K